• روایت تصوف میں تزکیہ نفس کے ذرائع

    Means of Self-Purification in the Mystical (Tasawwuf) Traditions There are two major opinions prevalent among Muslims about Tasawwuf (mysticism): one that suggests that it is the basic facet of Islam while other implies that it is an alienated Din (code of life) parallel to Islam. In this article, numerous mystical ways of attaining purity of the self (nafs) are discussed. Moreover, it entails the impact that the numerous methods employed in the Mystical traditions have on one's self and the role that they play in the purification process. A discussion on mystical means such as Muraqabah (meditation), Sina (listening to...


  • قانون اتمام حجت اور قانون جہاد

    Law of Itmam al-Hujjah (Conclusive Contention) and the Law of Jihad (Armed Struggle): An Analytical Study This article presents the analytical and critical study of Jawayd Ahmad Ghamidi's argument of Law of Conclusive Contention (itmam al-Hujjah) and the Law of Armed Struggle (jihad). According to Mr. Ghamidi, the form of offensive armed struggle (Jihad al-Qudumi) which the Qur'an discusses is impermissible after the departure of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) from this world as it was specified for him alone and his time. However, a defensive armed-struggle (Jihad al-Diffai) is permitted. He argues that the offensive Jihad carried out by the Messenger...


  • اجتماعی اجتہاد کا مفہوم

    The term Collective Ijtihad is relatively a new term but the idea however existed in the past. The term refers to a collective effort of a group of scholars in determining the ruling of an issue from the depths and vastness of Qur'an and Sunnah. In contemporary times, there exist numerous committees of academics worldwide that issue verdicts (Fatawa) on modern issues; such proceedings are included in the definition of Collective Ijtihad. Some of these committees are governed by governmental institutions while others work independently. Some contemporary scholars have tried to define the term Collective Ijtihad in a more comprehensive...


  • دور حاضر میں اجتماعی اجتہاد کے محرکات

    Just like the Industrial Revolution of 17th century and the 20th century development had its global effect on world's social, economic and political paradigms, which was further supplemented by rapid growth in the technology, the religious world could also not remain unaffected. As a result, today, the religious world is exposed to such peculiar questions that it never encountered before. For example, due to industrial developments and economic changes, numerous innovative methods and forms of trade and business were introduced, and it was extremely important for the religion to be able to cope and give its opinion or to provide...


  • اجتماعی اجتہاد بذریعہ پارلیمنٹ

    Ijtihad refers to one's exertion in determining the Islamic legal ruling from the vastness and depths of Islamic texts, or to the application of such ruling on the subject matter. This form of Ijtihad differs from the conventional form where such activity is carried out by an individual rather than a group of reputable academics of the relevant field collectively. In the subcontinent of Indo-Pak, Dr. Muhammad lqbal was the first one to present the idea of delegating or accrediting the responsibility of 'Ijtihad' to the parliament of the Islamic state and as a result, giving such Ijtihad the status...