In present day, Muslim Umma has been polarized into two groups; traditionalists and modernists. Both, standing on their own ideology, are absolutely refuting each other in basic concepts of Islam. In this research, the search question is that is either ljtihad said to the modification amendment and addition to Quran and Sunnah or pursuing Shariah rulings from the depths and vastness of Quran and Sunnah? Traditionlists' point of view is that whenever any new issue is raised about which there is no clear solution or ruling present in Shariah, then to derive the solution from the depths and vastness of Quran and Sunnah is called Ijtihad whereas according to Modernists' theory of Ijtihad addition, amendment, modification and reformation of Islamic Shariah is allowed.